Lessons in botany explores the kingdom of plants from fungi to the confier. Students learn to characterize plants and understand their growth cycles. They identify the root, stem, leaves, flowers, and fruit and their different manifestations depending on climate and soil. Weekly tree observation sessions help students become attuned to plants' different physical characteristics through the seasons.
Fifth graders study the North American Continent, identifying its bodies of water and five major regions: the Coastal Plain and the Appalachian Plateau in the east, the Great Interior Plains, the Western Highlands and the Canadian Shield. Students analyze each area with respect to its topography, climate, wildlife, history of settlement. Poems, American folksongs, drawings, watercolor paintings, drawing maps to scale and writing summaries and descriptions accompany their studies. Each student writes and reports on a state of their choice at the end of the unit.