Students expand their knowledge of their bodies by studying the anatomy of the human skeleton. They learn the names, shapes, and functions of the major bones, with a special emphasis on how the muscles are designed to take maximum advantage of the laws of mechanics. The foot and lower leg are presented as examples of levers. The artistic and practical components of the course include sketches of human bones, and a life-size human skeleton, as well as a clay rendition of a model femur.
This seminar focuses mainly on organic substances such as sugars, starches, proteins, and fats. Students begin by observing the plant and dissecting the process of photosynthesis as a means of energy conversion. Class activities include making potato starch, lipsticks, and hand lotions.
This seminar introduces scientific (SI) units, hydraulics, density, and electromagnetism. Students learn the ways in which modern cities anticipate and deliver water needs to its residents and businesses. Eighth graders examine hydraulic machines and practical applications of Pascal’s law. The story of Archimedes and the king's crown introduces the idea of density, which segways into a review of pressure. Students expand upon previous studies of tribo electricity and the achievements of Volta, Oersted, and Faraday, all of which provide the basis for understanding the electromotor.